Einthoven, Willem

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
[br]
b. 21 May 1860 Semarang, Java
d. 28 September 1927 Leiden, the Netherlands
[br]
Dutch physiologist, inventor of the string galvanometer and discoverer of the electrocardiogram (ECG).
[br]
As a medical student in Utrecht from 1879 Einthoven published an account of pronation and supination of the arm (following his own injury) as well as a paper on stereoscopy through colour differentiation. Soon after graduating in July 1885, he was appointed Professor of Physiology at Leiden.
In 1895, while involved in the study of the electric action potentials of the heart, he developed the sensitive string galvanometer, and in 1896 he was able to register the electrocardiograms of animals and humans, relating them to the heart sounds. Developing this work, he not only established the detailed geometry of the leads for these recordings, but was able to build up an insight into their variations in different forms of heart disease. In 1924 he further investigated the action currents of the sympathetic nervous system.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology 1924.
Bibliography
1895, "Uber die form des menschlichen Elektrocardiogramms", Pflügers Archiv.
Further Reading
de Waart, 1957, Einthoven, Haarlem (complete list of works).
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Einthoven, Willem — ▪ Dutch physiologist born May 21, 1860, Semarang, Java, Dutch East Indies died Sept. 29, 1927, Leiden, Neth.  Dutch physiologist who was awarded the 1924 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the electrical properties of the …   Universalium

  • Einthoven , Willem — (1860–1927) Dutch physiologist Einthoven, the son of a physician, was born at Semarang on the Indonesian island of Java and educated at the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands, where he gained his MD in 1885. In the following year he moved… …   Scientists

  • Einthoven, Willem — ► (1860 1927) Fisiólogo holandés. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1924, por su descubrimiento de los procedimientos para registrar las más pequeñas corrientes eléctricas de origen orgánico …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Einthoven — Einthoven, Willem …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Einthoven — Willem Einthoven 1906 Willem Einthoven (* 21. Mai 1860 in Semarang, Indonesien; † 28. September 1927 in Leiden) war ein niederländischer Arzt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Willem Einthoven — en 1906. Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Willem Einthoven — Infobox Scientist name = Willem Einthoven image size = 180px caption = Willem Einthoven in 1906 birth date = May 21, 1860 birth place = Semarang death date = September 29, 1927 death place = Leiden, Netherlands nationality = Netherlands field… …   Wikipedia

  • Willem Einthoven — 1906 Willem Einthoven (* 21. Mai 1860 in Semarang (Indonesien); † 29. September[1] 1927 in Leiden) war ein niederländischer Arzt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Willem Einthoven — en 1906 Willem Einthoven (21 mai 1860 à Semarang, Indes orientales néerlandaises 29 septembre 1927 à Leyde, Pays Bas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Willem Einthoven — (n. Semarang el 21 de mayo de 1860 † Leiden, Holanda, 28 de septiembre de 1927). Médico holandés. Hijo de un médico militar, nació circunstancialmente en 1860, en la colonia holandesa de Java, hoy Indonesia. Tr …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.